The Twelve-Note Music of Anton Webern: Old Forms in a New Language (Music in the Twentieth Century)

By Kathryn Bailey

This crucial new learn reassesses the location of Anton Webern in twentieth-century track. The twelve-note approach to composition followed by way of Anton Webern had profound outcomes for composers of the subsequent new release resembling Stockhausen and Boulez, who observed Webern's track as progressive. In her certain analyses, even though, Professor Bailey demonstrates a essentially conventional point to Webern's creativity, whilst describing his personal track. Professor Bailey analyses all Webern's twelve-note works (from Op. 17 to Op. 31) i.e. the instrumental and vocal track written among 1924 and 1943. those analyses draw on caricature fabric lately made to be had on the Paul Sacher origin in Basel and comprise transcriptions of little-known drafts and sketches. A most respected element of the ebook is the inclusion in appendices of such fabrics as an entire rationalization of the row content material of every paintings, the right kind major kind of all the rows from Op. 20 onwards, with a matrix developed for every, and exhaustive row analyses.

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Five sixty seven. . . . 8-. 9-A-. B-C 1 four. . . five — . . . 6-7 nine A-. BC— five eight - . . 9A-. B-C R4: R3: RI9: RI10: 12-3-. 4-5-. . . 6-. . 7 .. eight 1 - 2 three . four — five. . . . 6 7-. . . . 8-. . 12 — three 8-. . 1-23-. four . five eight Pn: 1 2 . . 3-4- . . 9-A—BC 9-A. BC9 . . . BC- 7-. . eight- 9-A. BC- 34 — five — . . 6 7 - eight — nine. A-BC3 four . . five. . . 6. . . 7. . . eight nine . . A. BC34. . five eight - nine A—B 34-. five . . 6 9-A . . . . . . . . 9-A9-A9-A9-A- move is in 3 sections, each one encompassing 4 units of rows. (These divisions are represented through double traces. ) before everything of every new part the temporal courting of the 4 voices adjustments; due to the fact the entire rows are elided, this exhibits up as obvious disarray in notes eleven (B) and 12 (C) of the set of rows instantly previous the recent part.

Sixty seven eight 9A-. B C R10: R9: RI3: RI4: 123456-7-89A. . B C 12345. . 7. 89 A. . . C 123. five. 6.. 89A 123 forty five U: 1234 — 56789. . . ABC Io: 2 three four- . . 6 7 eight nine. . . AB Po: Pi: 34. . . . 789 C three four - . . . 7 eight nine . . . AB Ro: 1 2 three . four five 6 7 . eight - nine . A Rn: 1 . three . forty five 6. . eight - nine . ARIj: 2 . . four five . 7 . . . nine . . . A RI 2 : 1 . . . four five 6 B-.. C B-.. CB - .. CB C I3: I2: P10: 1-. . 2 . . 3-4-5-6 7 eight 1-. . 2-.. . . 3-4-. . 6-. . 7-. . eight 1 - . . 2 - .. . . three - four - . . 6 - .. 7 - R2: R i: RIn: RI0: 12 121212- I5: I4: P8: P9: 12-3-. four 5-. . 6-7-. . eight nine. A-BC1 2 - three - . four. . . five sixty seven. . . . 8-.

It 23 Row and canon is seemingly coincidental that the BACH rationale appears to be like during this row. Webern, in fact, used to be to come to this intent very quickly. »» fr» "• 1. sixteen the 2 hexachords of the Op. 27 row are separated by way of a tritone; as in Op. 26, there is not any threat of an ideal fourth or 5th. 1. 17 A outstanding set of relationships obtains among P and that i of this row; those rows are mixed vertically within the vital move and horizontally in either outer events. Pn: El, B B\, D O C B E G F A At Et G At E F healthy C D B a A Bl> Webern uses the combinatoriality of this row just once, within the ultimate edition of the 3rd stream, the place the truth that PQ and Ij are hexachordally complementary is exploited.

There's little or no different verticalization during this paintings. whereas or extra notes are usually struck jointly, within the vast majority of situations this is often the results of the short-term rhythmic accident of 2 linear voices, anything particularly assorted from the articulation of a chord as a special entity. (Double stops seem prominently in version II and happen, to boot, in diversifications IV, VI and VII; every one of those, although, represents the congruence of 2 self sufficient polyphonic strains. ) notes are performed jointly as a unmarried musical point in just a couple of areas: within the first circulate, the 'tonic' tritone El»/A is emphasised on of its appearances (in bars 7 and nine) through happening as a double cease; the horns play notes even as on events within the accompaniment of the subject within the moment circulate (bars 2 and 9); and the harp performs notes jointly on 4 events in either version VI (bars seventy eight and 88) and the Coda (bars ninety, ninety three, ninety five and 98).

Webern has selected to concentration in its place on extra refined institutions. even if the strings' chord in bar eight has an identical pitch-class content material as that performed through the wind within the earlier bar, he prefers to name awareness to its similarity to the only performed via the strings to open this sequence (P6/i in bar 2). The 4 internal voices of those chords are exact, whereas either the outer voices have slipped up a semitone. The similarity of the ultimate chord of the cycle and the second one, in bar 7, is mentioned in a a bit of perverse method: whereas those chords have a similar outer notes (albeit in several octaves), the interior makeup has replaced.

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