The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908-1923

By Sean McMeekin

An marvelous retelling of twentieth-century historical past from the Ottoman standpoint, supplying profound new insights into international struggle I and the modern center East

Between 1911 and 1922, a sequence of wars could engulf the Ottoman Empire and its successor states, during which the important clash, in fact, is international conflict I—a tale we predict we all know good. As Sean McMeekin indicates us during this revelatory new historical past of what he calls the “wars of the Ottoman succession,” we all know a long way below we predict. The Ottoman Endgame brings to mild the whole strategic narrative that ended in an risky new order in postwar heart East—much of that's nonetheless felt today.

The Ottoman Endgame: struggle, Revolution, and the Making of the trendy heart East draws from McMeekin’s years of groundbreaking learn in newly opened Ottoman and Russian information. With nice storytelling aptitude, McMeekin makes new the epic tales we all know from the Ottoman entrance, from Gallipoli to the exploits of Lawrence in Arabia, and introduces an unlimited variety of latest tales to Western readers. His money owed of the lead-up to global battle I and the Ottoman Empire’s primary position within the conflict itself bargains a wholly new and deeper imaginative and prescient of the clash. Harnessing not just Ottoman and Russian but additionally British, German, French, American, and Austro-Hungarian resources, the result's a really pioneering paintings of scholarship that provides complete justice to a multitiered battle regarding many belligerents. 

McMeekin additionally brilliantly reconceives our inherited Anglo-French realizing of the war’s consequence and the cave in of the empire that undefined. The booklet chronicles the emergence of contemporary Turkey and the carve-up of the remainder of the Ottoman Empire because it hasn't ever been advised prior to, delivering a brand new viewpoint on such concerns because the ethno-religious bloodletting and compelled inhabitants transfers which attended the breakup of empire, the Balfour assertion, the toppling of the caliphate, and the partition of Iraq and Syria—bringing the modern results into transparent focus.

Every so usually, a piece of historical past thoroughly reshapes our figuring out of an issue of large old and modern importance. The Ottoman Endgame is this type of e-book, an immediately definitive and exciting instance of narrative background as excessive paintings.

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Even Calthorpe’s second-in-command, Aegean squadron commander Rear Admiral Seymour, who performed anything like “bad cop” to Calthorpe’s “good cop” at Mudros, “did now not seem” to Rauf “to be moved by means of a spirit of revenge. ” What made those judgments of personality nonetheless extra complicated was once that they have been made after Rauf had already signed away the shop to Calthorpe, agreeing to even the main arduous French and Italian calls for with merely minor reservations. 27 What Rauf turns out to not have understood was once that English “gentlemanliness,” no matter what else it was once, was once a truly smart negotiating procedure.

London: I. B. Tauris, 1997. Greger, René. Die Russische Flotte im Ersten Weltkrieg, 1914–1917. Munich: J. F. Lehmann, 1970. corridor, Richard C. The Balkan Wars, 1912–1913: Prelude to the good battle. London: Routledge, 2000. Halpern, Paul G. A Naval historical past of worldwide warfare I. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994. Hanioğlu, M. Sükrü: a short heritage of the overdue Ottoman Empire. Princeton: Princeton college Press, 2008. ———. The younger Turks in competition. big apple: Oxford college Press, 1995. Harvey, A. D. “Bombs on Constantinople.

British haste to open the Straits was once strategically sound. The passage of the fleet throughout the Straits could instantly undermine German keep an eye on of Ukraine and the Black Sea, tremendously weakening Berlin’s bargaining place at any peace convention. * This push was once now not over, both. With information of the armistice touring slowly to the Caucasus, the military of Islam persevered rolling up the Transcaucasus, pivoting north into Daghestan after the autumn of Baku. The Daghestani capital of Petrovsk (today’s Makhachkala) fell on November eight, 1918, whereupon its conquering military realized that it had misplaced the warfare and must go back this in addition to all its different Caucasian prizes.

Ahead! ” The Turks didn't disappoint, advancing so quick that they handed correct on by means of entire Greek devices, taking the hand over of Trikoupis and Dighenis on September 2 nearly as afterthoughts. So unexpected was once this coup that Trikoupis used to be appointed the hot commander in leader in Anatolia over the disgraced Hatzianestis days after he was once captured through the Turks, the inside track obviously now not having but reached Athens. Kemal, taking Trikoupis prisoner, provided him espresso and cigarettes and consoled his defeated adversary that struggle was once a video game of likelihood during which “the absolute best is usually worsted.

The XI Corps suffered losses equaling approximately 70 percentage of its power. real, Abdul Kerim Pasha’s well timed retreat had kept approximately 40,000 males, who may possibly proceed to the struggle from the comparative security of Erzurum. And he misplaced in simple terms 20 or 30 weapons captured—a significant quantity, yet hardly ever deadly to a military that also had a protecting stronghold to fall again on. All this used to be actual, however it was once both actual that Yudenich had crushed the Turks soundly, on a entrance the place the 2 aspects have been approximately equivalent in energy.

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