The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture: The Effect of Early Christological Controversies on the Text of the New Testament

By Bart D. Ehrman

Victors not just write historical past: additionally they reproduce the texts. Bart Ehrman explores the shut courting among the social background of early Christianity and the textual culture of the rising New testomony, interpreting how early struggles among Christian "heresy" and "orthodoxy" affected the transmission of the files over which the various debates have been waged. He makes a vital contribution to our knowing of the social and highbrow heritage of early Christianity and increases fascinating questions on the connection of readers to their texts, specially in an age whilst scribes may possibly rework the records they reproduced. This variation features a new afterword surveying study in biblical interpretation during the last 20 years.

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TO V Xpicrroi)). ninety four Othe r students , a s on e migh t expect , argu e jus t th e opposite , that th e usag e o f vers e 1 7 reveal s tha t th e tex t o f vers e 1 eight initially learn Xpicrroi ) an d wa s corrupte d t o confor m wit h th e openin g statemen t o f the boo okay (*lr)crov Xptcrrcw). ninety five Clearl y such argument s lea d t o a standoff. ninety six The sures t basi s for resolvin g a textua l disput e o f thi s style i s to contemplate the externa l aid . Th e phras e TTJCTO U Xpicrroi ) i s no longer onl y atteste d b y th e earliest Greek witnes s (p 1 ), i t i s preserved i n ever y Gree ok manuscrip t o f ever y textual grou p an d subgrou p fro m ever y area o f earl y Christendom .

A s was once obvious , fo r instance , with respec t t o Matthe w 1:18 , pp . 137—38 . For different element s o f thei r interpretatio n of th e verse , see Pagels, Th e Gnostic Paul, 34 . 176. I t i s t o b e be aware d tha t Hippolytu s use d thi s corrupte d for m t o sho w tha t there i s a distinctio n betwee n cross d th e Fathe r an d cross d th e Son , becaus e on e in step with shaped th e ac t o f raisin g upo n th e othe r (Adv. Noet. four) ; Tertullia n use s th e mor e universal for m o f th e tex t t o th e sam e en d (Adv. Prax.

Thus far a s we will pass judgement on, scribes by no means eradicated the notio n tha t Jesus wa s complete y human . Thi s woul d hav e embroiled them i n a distinct se t o f difficulties , fo r the n th e tex t coul d b e take n t o suppor t th e docetic Christologie s tha t th e proto-orthodo x oppose d o n anothe r entrance. 235 yet scribe s did modif y textual content s tha t coul d implicate Christ in human weaknesses and frailtie s tha t wer e no t appropriat e t o on e understoo d t o b e divine, sometimes changin g passage s tha t sugges t tha t Chris t wa s no t all-knowin g (Mat t 24:36) o r spirituall y ideal (Luk e 2:40) , an d passage s tha t sugges t tha t h e was once purel y mortal (Joh n 19:5 ) o r susceptibl e to huma n temptation s an d si n (Heb2:18; 10:29) .

The othe r Luka n references on reflection to th e occasion sugges t tha t i t is . On e o f Luke' s strikin g alterations o f Mark' s narrative series happen s i n hello s transferrenc e of th e sermo n an d rejectio n at Nazaret h to th e ver y outset o f Jesus' ministr y (Mark 6:1-6; Luke 4:16-30). As is widely known, Luk e no longer onl y replaced th e narrativ e context fo r the account , bu t h e additionally mad e a considerabl e numbe r of interna l alterations i n order t o presen t th e scene a s a family d o f paradigmati c foreshadowin g o f wha t wa s t o happe n t o Jesus i n the Gospe l an d t o hello s fans in Acts.

169. LSJ , i n loc. See additionally Moody , "God' s Onl y Son. " a hundred and seventy. therefore , lately , McReynolds, "Joh n 1:18. " Fo r a lis t of othe r students , se e Anti-Adoptionistic Corruptions o f Scripture eleven three Fennema, "Joh n 1:18, " p . 133 , n. 27 . Tha t thi s vie w i s hardenin g int o a family members d o f orthodoxy i s eviden t i n it s casua l acceptanc e b y recen t authors . See , for instance , Otfried Hofius , "De r i n des Vaters Schof ? ist. " 171. A fina l argumen t ha s occasionall y bee n adduce d i n suppor t o f jaowyeci) ?

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