The Language of Yoga: Complete A to Y Guide to Asana Names, Sanskrit Terms, and Chants

By Nicolai Bachman

Have you ever been bewildered in yoga type through the phrases the trainer makes use of? what's the deeper that means of those phrases? how are you going to gain by means of understanding them?

For passionate and curious yoga students, The Language of Yoga offers the definitive A-Y of asana names and Sanskrit phrases (there is not any Z in Sanskrit!). This interactive set comprises greater than 2 hundred asanas with illustrated yoga postures and three hundred Sanskrit definitions.

Sanskrit pupil Nicolai Bachman teaches you the way to learn and pronounce those sacred sounds with precision, and courses you thru seven yoga chants with designated rhythm, tone, and pronunciation. An fundamental reference advisor for any critical pupil of yoga.

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The most external limb comprises the yamas (social behaviors). subsequent are the niyamas (personal behaviors), which are like inner yamas. Āsanas (physical postures) keep our body flexible, strong, and healthy. Prāṇāyāma (breath regulation) is even more subtle and begins to purify the mind. Pratyāhāra (internalization of the senses) brings one additional inward via removal feel distractions from the brain. The last three limbs, termed “antaraṅga,” meaning “inner limbs,” all take place in one’s recognition.

Moment part to Patañjali, considered an incarnation of Viṣṇu. Often chanted at the beginning of a yoga practice. TRACK 4 I worship the lotus feet of all the gurus, which awaken and manifest joy in oneself; beyond comparison, appearing as a snake-charmer (Śiva) for pacifying the poisonous delusion of saṃsāra (the cycle of birth and death). In the form of a man up to the shoulders, holding the conch (divine sound), discus (wheel of time), and sword (discrimination), thousand-headed, white, I bow respectfully to Patañjali.

R TRACK 51 Find individual postures with the time points provided. S TRACK 52 Find individual postures with the time points provided. T TRACK 53 Find individual postures with the time points provided. U TRACK 54 Find individual postures with the time points provided. V TRACK 55 Find individual postures with the time points provided. Y TRACK 56 Find individual postures with the time points provided. INDICES Āsana Name Synonyms TRACK 57 Adho Mukha Vīrāsana (down-faced hero) See Bālāsana Añjaneyāsana (name of monkey - God) See Hanumānāsana (same meaning) Brahmacaryāsana (control of vital energy) See Upaviṣṭa - Koṇāsana (seated - angle) Bhagīrathāsana (name of sage) See Vṛkṣāsana (tre) Hasta - Pādāsana (hand - foot) See Pāda - Hastāsana Jaṭhara - Parivṛtti (stomach - revolved) See Jaṭhara - Parivartānāsana (same meaning) Kākāsana (crow) See Bakāsana (crane) Kāñcyāsana (girdle) See Mālāsana (garland) Maṇḍukāsana (frog) See Bhekāsana (same meaning) Matsyendrāsana (fish) See Paripūrṇa - Matsyendrāsana (full - fish) Mṛtāsana (dead) See Śavāsana (corpse) Nāvāsana (boat) See Paripūrṇa - Nāvāsana (full - boat) Paścimatānāsana (back - stretching) See Paścimottānāsana (same meaning) Pūrvatānāsana (front - stretching) See Pūrvottānāsana (same meaning) Sama - Saṃsthānam (level - position) See Anantāsana (endless) Sarvāṅgāsana (shoulderstand) See Sālamba - Sarvāṅgāsana (suported - all - limb) Śīrṣāsana (headstand) See Sālamba - Śīrṣāsana (supported - head) Triaṅga - Mukhaikapāda (three - limb - face…) See Tiryaṅ - Mukhaikapāda (oblique - face…) Trikoṇāsana (triangle) See Utthita - Trikoṇāsana (extended - triangle) Ugrāsana (ferocious) See Upaviṣṭa - Koṇāsana (seated - angle) Ūrdhva - Prasārita - Pādāsana See Supta - Daṇḍāsana Utpluti (floating up) See Tolāsana (balance) Uttāna - Mayūrāsana (stretched out - peacock) See Setu - Bandha - Sarvāṅgāsana (bridge - lock - al - limb) English Names Accomplished: Siddhāsana Airplane: Digāsana / Vīrabhadrāsana 3 Alligator: Godhāpīṭham All - limb: Sarvāṅgāsana (Sālamba-Sarvāṅgāsana) Arm - pressure: Bhuja-Pīḍāsana Auspicious: Svastikāsana Back - stretched out: Paścimottānāsana / Paścimatānāsana Ball: Piṇḍāsana (in Sarvāṅgasana) Beam/gate: Parighāsana Bed/couch: Paryaṅkāsana Bending: Ākuñcanāsana Big toe: Pādāṅguṣṭhāsana Big toe - bow: Pādāṅguṣṭha - Dhanurāsana Bird that lives on raindrops: Kapiñjalāsana Boat - full: Paripūrṇa-Nāvāsana Boat - half: Ardha-Nāvāsana Both - big toe: Ubhaya-Pādāṅguṣṭhāsana Bound - angle: Baddha-Koṇāsana Bound - angle - head: Baddha-Koṇa-Śīrṣāsana Bound - hand - head: Baddha-Hasta-Śīrṣāsana Bound - lotus: Baddha-Padmāsana Bow: Dhanurāsana Bow, standing: Naṭarājāsana Bow, towards ear: Ākarṇa-Dhanurāsana Bridge: Setu-Bandhāsana Bridge (one leg) in shoulderstand: Ekapāda-Setu-Bandha-Sarvāṅgāsana Bridge in shoulderstand: Setubandha-Sarvāṅgāsana Buddha: Buddhāsana Butterfly: Baddha-Koṇāsana Cakra: Cakrāsana Camel: Uṣṭrāsana Cat: Cakravākāsana Child: Bālāsana Circle: Maṇḍalāsana Cobra: Bhujaṅgāsana Comfortable: Sukhāsana Corpse: Śavāsana Cow - face: Go-Mukhāsana Cowherd: Gorakṣāsana Crane: Bakāsana Crane - side: Pārśva-Bakāsana Crocodile: Nakrāsana (see also Makarāsana) Cross - legged: Sukhāsana Crow (Kākāsana): see Bakāsana (crane) Dancer: Naṭarājāsana Dangling: Lolāsana Dangling: Tolāsana Dead: Śavāsana Direction: Digāsana / Vīrabhadrāsana 3 Dog, downward facing: Adho-Mukha-Śvānāsana Dog, upward facing: Ūrdhva-Mukha-Śvānāsana Downward - air: Apānāsana Downward - facing - fish: Adho-Mukha-Matsyāsana Downward - facing - tree: Adho-Mukha-Vṛkṣāsana Eagle: Garuḍāsana Ear - pressure: Karṇapīḍāsana Easy: Sukhāsana Endless/Viṣṇu: Anantāsana Equal - angle: Samakoṇāsana Equal - standing: Samasthiti Extended - hand - big toe: Utthita-Hasta-Pādāṅguṣṭhāsana Extended - side - angle: Utthita-Pārśvakoṇāsana Feather - peacock: Piñca-Mayūrāsana Firefly: Tittibhāsana Fish: Matsyāsana Fish, downward - facing: Adho-Mukha-Matsyāsana Fish - lord, complete: Paripūrṇa-Matsyendrāsana Fish - lord, half: Ardha-Matsyendrāsana Foot - hand: Pāda-Hastāsana (Hastapādāsana) Formidable: Bhairavāsana Forward bend: Uttānāsana Forward bend, standing: Pāda-Hastāsana Frog: Bhekāsana Front, stretched out: Pūrvottānāsana (Pūrvatānāsana) Ful - boat: Paripūrṇa-Nāvāsana Garland/necklace: Mālāsana Gate/beam: Parighāsana Half - boat: Ardha-Nāvāsana Half - bound - lotus, standing: Ardha-Baddha-Padmottānāsana Half - bound - lotus, sitting: Ardha-Baddha-Padma-Paścimottānāsana Half - fish - lord: Ardha-Matsyendrāsana Half - locust: Ardha-Śalabhāsana Half - mon: Ardha-Candrāsana Handstand: Adho-Mukha-Vṛkṣāsana Head - foot: Śīrṣa-Pādāsana Headstand, bound hands: Baddha-Hasta-Śīrṣāsana Headstand, freed hands: Mukta-Hasta-Śīrṣāsana Headstand, one leg: Ekapāda-Śīrṣāsana Headstand, revolved - one leg: Parivṛttaikapāda-Śīrṣāsana Headstand, side: Pārśva-Śīrṣāsana Headstand, side one leg: Pārśvaikapāda-Śīrṣāsana Headstand, two legs: Dvipāda-Śīrṣāsana Headstand, supported: Sālamba-Śīrṣāsana Hero: Vīrāsana Heron: Krauñcāsana Himalayan goose: Kāraṇḍavāsana Horse: Vātāyanāsana Inverted-doing: Viparīta-Karaṇī Inverted - locust: Viparīta-Śalabhāsana King - pigeon: Rāja-Kapotāsana Knee - head: Jānu-Śīrṣāsana Knot: Kandāsana Light (weight) - thunderbolt: Laghu-Vajrāsana Lion: Siṃhāsana Lizard (iguana): Godhāpīṭham Locust: Śalabhāsana Lotus - peacock: Padma-Mayūrāsana Lotus, full: Padmāsana Mighty: Utkaṭāsana Moon, half: Ardha-Candrāsana Mountain: Tāḍāsana Mountain: seated: Parvatāsana Mudra, great: Mahāmudrā Mudra, six - faced: Ṣanmukhī-Mudrā Mudra, yoga: Yoga-Mudrā Noose: Pāśāsana One - leg - (name of sage): Ekapāda-Gālavāsana One - leg - (name of sage) Ekapāda-Kauṇḍinyāsana One - leg - crane: Ekapāda-Bakāsana One - leg - inverted - staff: Ekapāda-Viparīta-Daṇḍāsana One - leg - king - pigeon: Ekapāda-RājaKapotāsana One - leg - upward - bow: Ekapāda-Ūrdhva-Dhanurāsana One - hand - arm: Ekahasta-Bhujāsana Partridge: Cakorāsana Peacock: Mayūrāsana Peacock, extended - lotus: Uttāna-Padma-Mayūrāsana Peacock, lotus: Padma-Mayūrāsana Peacock - feather: Pīñca-Mayūrāsana Pigeon: Kapotāsana Plank (top of push-up): Same as CaturaṅgaDaṇḍāsana but arms are straight Plow: Halāsana Plow, sideways: Pārśva-Halāsana Reclining: See supine Relaxing: Śayanāsana Revolved - back - stretched out: Parivṛtta-Paścimottānāsana Revolved - half - moon: Parivṛtta-Ardha-Candrāsana Revolved - knee - head: Parivṛtta-Jānu-Śīrṣāsana Revolved - side - angle: Parivṛtta-Pārśvakoṇāsana Revolved - triangle: Parivṛtta-Trikoṇāsana Rooster: Kukkuṭāsana Rooster: upward: Ūrdhva-Kukkuṭāsana Root - lock: Mūlabandhāsana Ruddy goose: Cakravākāsana Scale/balance: Tolāsana Scorpion: Vṛścikāsana Seated - angle: Upaviṣṭa-Koṇāsana Serpent/snake: Bhujaṅgāsana Shoulderstand: Sālamba-Sarvāṅgāsana Shoulderstand, one leg: Ekapāda-Sarvāṅgāsana Shoulderstand, sideways: Pārśva-Sarvāṅgāsana Shoulderstand, sideways - one - leg: Pārśvaikapāda-Sarvāṅgāsana Shoulderstand, without support: Nirālamba-Sarvāṅgāsana Side - ball: Pārśva-Piṇḍāsana (in Sarvāṅgāsana) Side - bow: Pārśva-Dhanurāsana Side - rooster: Pārśva-Kukkuṭāsana Side - seated - angle: Pārśva-Upaviṣṭa-Koṇāsana Side - stretched out: Pārśvottānāsana Side - upward - lotus: Pārśva-Ūrdhva-Padmāsana Side of face - formidable: Gaṇḍa-Bheruṇḍāsana Six - faced seal: Ṣanmukhī-Mudrā Split, front: Hanumānāsana Split, side: Samakoṇāsana Split, standing: Ūrdhva-PrasāritaEkapādāsana / Trivikramāsana Split, supine: Supta-Trivikramāsana Spread - leg - stretched out: Prasārita-Pādottānāsana Squat: Mālāsana Staff: Daṇḍāsana Staff, four - limb: Caturaṅga-Daṇḍāsana Staff, supine: Supta-Daṇḍāsana Staff, upward: Ūrdhva-Daṇḍāsana Stomach - revolving: Jaṭhara-Parivartanāsana Stretched out - leg: Uttānapādāsana Sun salutation: Sūrya-Namaskāra (for example, see Aṣṭāṅga section) Supine - angle: Supta-Koṇāsana Supine - bound - angle: Supta-Baddha-Koṇāsana Supine - big toe: Supta-Pādāṅguṣṭhāsana Supine - frog: Supta-Bhekāsana Supine - hero: Supta-Vīrāsana Supine - staff: Supta-Daṇḍāsana Supine - three - stride: Supta-Trivikramāsana Supine - tortoise: Supta-Kūrmāsana Supine - upwards - foot - thunderbolt: Supta-Ūrdhva-Pāda-Vajrāsana Supported headstand: Sālamba-Śīrṣāsana Supported shoulderstand: Sālamba-Sarvāṅgāsana Swan: Haṃsāsana Table: Catuṣ-Pāda-Pīṭham / Pūrvottānāsana Oblique - face - one - leg - back - stretched out: Tiryaṅ-Mukhaikapāda-Paścimottānāsana Three - stride: Trivikramāsana Thunderbolt: Vajrāsana Thunderbolt, supine: Supta-Vajrāsana Tortoise: Kūrmāsana Tree: Vṛkṣāsana Tree, downward - facing: Adho-Mukha-Vṛkṣāsana Triangle, extended: Utthita-Trikoṇāsana Triangle, revolved: Parivṛtta-Trikoṇāsana Two - leg: Dvipāda-Pīṭham Two - leg - (name of sage): Dvipāda-Kauṇḍinyāsana Two - leg - inverted - staff: Dvipāda-Viparīta-Daṇḍāsana Two - hand - arm: Dvihasta-Bhujāsana Upside down - face - stretched out: Tiryaṅ-Mukhottānāsana Upward - bow: Ūrdhva-Dhanurāsana Upward - facing - back - stretched out: Ūrdhva-Mukha-Paścimottānāsana Upward - facing - dog: Ūrdhva-Mukha-Śvānāsana Upward - lotus: Ūrdhva-Padmāsana Upwards - spread - one - leg: Ūrdhva-Prasārita-Ekapādāsana Warrior: Vīrabhadrāsana Wheel: Cakrāsana Wheel - lock: Cakra-Bandhāsana Womb - ball: Garbha-Piṇḍāsana Yoga - seal: Yoga-Mudrā Yoga - sleep: Yoga-Nidrāsana Yoga - staff: Yoga-Daṇḍāsana Sanskrit Alphabet TRACK 58 33 Consonants Nicolai Bachman … has been teaching Sanskrit, Āyurveda, chanting, and yoga-related topics for over ten years.

Soundstrue. com, call us toll free at 800-333-9185, or write The Sounds True Catalog PO Box 8010 Boulder CO 80306 Sounds True, Inc. Boulder CO 80306 © 2004 by Nicolai Bachman SOUNDS TRUE is a trademark of Sounds True, Inc. All rights reserved. Published 2005 No part of this book or audio may be used or reproduced in any manner without written permission from the author or writer. This is one of a series of Sanskrit pronunciation guides by Nicolai Bachman/Sanskrit Sounds. The purpose of this project is to preserve and encourage the correct spelling and pronunciation of Sanskrit terms related to the science of yoga.

TRACK 16 Directions and Positions Many posture names contain certain directions and positions. Knowing these helps one to remember how to do a posture. TRACK 17 Dṛṣṭis (views) A dṛṣṭi is the place the gaze is meant to be centred in the course of a posture. those are extra commonly used by Aṣṭāṅga yoga practitioners. TRACK 18 components The “five great elements,” called pañca-mahā-bhūta, are the basic building blocks of the take place global. From the so much gross point of earth to the such a lot sophisticated and subtle element of space, they represent every possible form of matter.

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