Swing to Bop: An Oral History of the Transition in Jazz in the 1940s

By Ira Gitler

This fundamental e-book brings us nose to nose with essentially the most memorable figures in jazz historical past and charts the increase and improvement of bop within the past due Nineteen Thirties and '40s. Ira Gitler interviewed greater than 50 major jazz figures, over a 10-year interval, to maintain for posterity their memories of the transition in jazz from the massive band period to the fashionable jazz interval. The musicians interviewed, together with either the acclaimed and the unrecorded, inform of their personal phrases how this renegade tune emerged, why it was once a turning aspect in American jazz, and the way it encouraged their very own lives and paintings. putting jazz in historic context, Gitler demonstrates how the temper of the state in its post-Depression years, racial attitudes of the time, and international battle II mixed to form the jazz of today.

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Courtesy of Henry. Jerome. ) Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra at Downbeat, big apple urban, 1947. Left to correct: Gillespie, Joe Harris, James Moody, Howard Johnson, John Brown, and Joe Gayles. (William P. Gottlieb/E. J. G. assortment) Charlie Parker and Kai Winding at Royal Roost, manhattan urban, 1948. (Herman Leonard) Boyd Raeburn Orchestra at self-importance reasonable, big apple urban, 1947. The clarinetist and the saxophonist at decrease correct, from left to correct, are blood brother De Franco and Frankie Socolow. (William P. Gottlieb/E.

I by no means performed the Cotton membership uptown—played downtown. We opened that membership whilst I got here within the band in 1936—with Cab. We took six months to get into ny, and Ben Webster used to be within the band, and he was once my idol. He took me with him, simply because Ben was once one of many few jazz musicians in Cab Galloway's band that went round in cities like Pittsburgh and went up on Wylie road and went within the golf equipment and may jam with the fellows. And it was once his coverage regularly to take his bass participant alongside, simply because we were rehearsing all afternoon within the theaters, and that i knew his tunes and his adjustments.

I began by means of simply going out and jamming at this membership. and so they enjoyed me they usually employed me for weekends, and that i even made a film with this band. Don Albert, who was once a trumpet participant, used to be the landlord and the bandleader. Don Albert's Keyhole used to be the identify of the membership. And we had a bit Filipino alto participant who is within the motion picture also—played stable. yet besides, that is the interval while I heard fowl, Diz, and all that. i will be able to truthfully say I by no means disliked these documents, any of them. It was once in order that various. i used to be surprised at what they have been doing.

So Diz might sit down at his piano, and chicken might play it out within the corridor, and Diz could write it down. Diz'll let you know those tales, himself. It used to be awesome. yet chook had any such prolific brain. you may play a tune, and he may possibly play a counter melody to it right now with no even—not even give it some thought. And we obtained to admiring the man, we actually did. yet, we have been scared of him hurting himself forever simply because we knew the place he was once and the way he stood, yet . . . fowl had a superb middle, yet he by no means had an opportunity to turn out it, relatively, simply because he used to be in desire for all time.

Oh, boy. I had loads of enjoyable on that band. It used to be a great band. MILT HINTON after we went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, there has been Oscar Pettiford, and all of his brothers there. and that i went over to St. Paul, correct throughout from Minneapolis. dual towns. In St. Paul, there has been this black Elk's membership, and Oscar was once playin' over there together with his brother Ira. yet there has been one who performed tenor that was once totally unimaginable. and that i consider his sister performed drums 'cause bein' within the rhythm part I had eyes for her. Oscar was once enjoying bass, and Ira used to be playing—one of them was once enjoying trumpet, and one in every of them used to be enjoying tenor.

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