Spark from the Deep: How Shocking Experiments with Strongly Electric Fish Powered Scientific Discovery (Animals, History, Culture)

By William J. Turkel

Spark from the Deep tells the tale of the way humans got here to appreciate and use electrical energy via learning the advanced mechanisms of strongly electrical fish. those animals have the capacity to surprise capability prey or would-be predators with high-powered electric discharges.

William J. Turkel asks thoroughly clean questions about the evolutionary, environmental, and historic elements of people’s curiosity in electrical fish. encouraged by way of painful encounters with electrical catfish, torpedos, and electrical eels, humans discovered to harness the facility of electrical surprise for clinical treatments and at last built applied sciences to shop, transmit, and regulate electrical energy. Now we glance to those fish as an concept for engineering new sensors, desktop interfaces, self sustaining undersea robots, and energy-efficient batteries.

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A brand new Discovery of the good River of the Amazons, by way of Father Cristoval De Acuña, a clergyman of the corporate of Jesus … within the yr 1639. ” In Expeditions into the Valley of the Amazons, 1539, 1540, 1639. London: Hakluyt Society, 1859. Martins, Roberto de Andrade. “Ørsted, Ritter, and Magnetochemistry. ” In mind, Cohen, and Knudsen, Hans Christian Ørsted. Matteucci, Carlo. “Electro-Physiological Researches, First Memoir: The Muscular present. ” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London a hundred thirty five (1845): 283–96.

And final, yet by no means least, my love and because of my spouse and ally, Juliet Armstrong. Singe! Spark from the Deep creation we are living in an electrical international. each second of our lives unfolds inside an unlimited assemblage of electric platforms, such a lot of our personal devising. those platforms warmth and funky our constructions, procedure, cook dinner, and guard our meals; pump our water and waste; mild the darkness; and tool machines nice and small. electric applied sciences let us see, listen, and act on scales that we will be able to slightly think, if it is dragging person atoms into position on a steel floor, hearing the heritage radiation of the massive Bang, or just video-chatting with an individual at the different part of the planet.

Anatomical Observations at the Torpedo. ” Philosophical Transactions (1683–1775) sixty three (1773): 481–89. Hutchinson, Thos J. “On the Social and family qualities of the African Tribes: With a look at Their Superstitions, Cannibalism, and so on. and so on. ” Transactions of the Ethnological Society of London 1 (1861): 327–40. Ingenhousz, Jan. “Extract of a Letter from Dr. Jan Ingenhousz, F. R. S. to Sir John Pringle, Bart. P. R. S. Containing a few Experiments at the Torpedo, Made at Leghorn, January 1, 1773 (after Having Been trained of these by means of Mr.

10. Ibid. , “commencement” quote on 173; Weekes, “Details”; Pocock, “Andrew Crosse”; Secord, Victorian Sensation, chap. five. eleven. Chambers, Vestiges, “life” quote on 163, “faint illustration” quote on 333, “startling inspiration” quote on 334. 12. Secord, creation, “vision” quote on xlv, “disarmed” quote on xliv; Secord, Victorian Sensation, “best-sellers” quote on 2. thirteen. Browne, Charles Darwin Voyaging, quote on xi; Desmond & Moore, Darwin; Charles Darwin to Alexander Humboldt, November 1, 1839 (Personal Narrative).

Darwin, April eight, 1826 (Hope’s lectures); C. Darwin, Beagle Diary, November 21, 1831 (Harris lecture), July 22, 1832 (St. Elmo’s fire), December four, 1833 (lightning strike); C. Darwin, magazine of Researches, January 28, 1832 (cuttlefish) on 6–8. 15. Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood and Josiah Wedgwood II to Charles Darwin, November 10, 1837 (Crosse); Fara, “Attractive Therapy”; Charles Darwin to William Darwin Fox, December 20, 1844 (mesmerism); Browne, “Retched”; Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, November five or 12, 1845 (“quackery” quote), February 8[?

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