Lenin and the Logic of Hegemony: Political Practice and Theory in the Class Struggle (Historical Materialism Book)

Using Gramsci’s suggestion of ‘hegemony’ Alan Shandro bargains an unique interpretation of Lenin’s political perform and theory.

Through a cautious textual research of the writings of Lenin and his contemporaries, Shandro strains the ways that Lenin’s political perform and idea led him to the ‘philosophical truth’ of hegemony. This unique and groundbreaking research demolishes a lot of caricatures of Lenin’s function as political actor and philosopher, and illuminates the underlying parameters of hegemony in the category struggle.

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Either helped and compelled the miners to create a brand new collective identity’. 134 Lenin, for whom the ‘variegated and discordant, motley and outwardly fragmented’ element of mass struggles was once of the essence of socialist revolution, makes the same aspect: ‘Capitalism isn't really so harmoniously outfitted that some of the assets of uprising can instantly merge in their personal accord, with no reverses and defeats . . . [T]he actual fact that revolts do get away at diverse instances, in other places, and are of other varieties, promises large scope and intensity to the overall movement’.

Those that focus the eye, commentary, and realization of the operating type solely, or maybe generally, upon itself on my own aren't social-democrats; for the self-knowledge of the operating classification is certain up no longer exclusively with an absolutely transparent theoretical figuring out – it'd be even more true to claim, now not lots with a theoretical as with a pragmatic ­understanding – of the relationships among the entire a number of periods of recent society, got throughout the event of political lifestyles. 36 even though it acquires a brand new value within the context of what's to Be performed?

Socialist realization is hence whatever brought into the category fight from with no and never anything that emerged initially inside of it. as a result, the previous Hainfield programme relatively rightly acknowledged that a part of the accountability of Social-Democracy is to imbue the proletariat with the realization of its place and its project. this could no longer be beneficial if this recognition arose instantly from the category fight. ninety nine The good judgment of this passage is commanded by means of the hyperlink it asserts among socialist realization, medical wisdom, and the bourgeois intelligentsia and by means of a contrast among those, at the one hand, and the category fight of the ninety nine Kautsky 1901–2, pp.

Whereas constrained in the limits of a bourgeois social order, the process the revolution, because the point of interest of numerous and opposing pursuits, used to be nonetheless to be outlined. What social strength, via assuming this job, might galvanize its personality upon the process occasions? it's going to no longer be the peasantry, whose ‘political indifference and highbrow backwardness’ have been, in Plekhanov’s view, the ‘main bulwark of absolutism’. forty-one certainly, ‘peasant backwardness’ additionally served him because the explanatory context for the ‘timidity’, ‘instability’ and ensuing inaptitude for progressive management of the ‘educated sections of the better classes’.

They aren't understood as moving into the method wherein the id of social forces is constituted and their alignment made up our minds. and because this is often the case, the alignment of social forces at paintings within the innovative technique in Russia successfully turns into an exemplification of the common sense of capitalist improvement. Thereby a dynamic of sophistication fight attribute of constructed capitalism and applicable to socialist revolution is transposed onto the method of democratic revolution. during this context, neither the bourgeois nor the peasant is a progressive actor; during this context, petty-bourgeois social strata are neither a good strength nor, in line with Marx and Engels, innovative, yet conservative.

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