Heterodoxy, Spinozism, and Free Thought in Early-Eighteenth-Century Europe: Studies on the Traité des Trois Imposteurs (International Archives of the ... internationales d'histoire des idées)

'the oldest biography of Spinoza', l. a. Vie de Mr. Spinosa, which within the manuscript copies is frequently by means of L'Esprit de M. Spinosa. Margaret Jacob, in her Radical Enlightenment, contended that the Traite was once written by way of a thorough staff of Freemasons within the Hague within the early eighteenth century. Silvia Berti has provided proof it used to be written via Jan Vroesen. quite a few discussions within the early eighteenth century contemplate many possi­ ble authors from the Renaissance onwards to whom the paintings can be attributed. The Trois imposteurs has attracted quite a lot of contemporary cognizance as probably the most major irreligious clandestine writings on hand within the Enlightenment, that is most crucial for figuring out the enhance­ ment of non secular scepticism, radical deism, or even atheism within the 17th and eighteenth centuries. students for the final couple of a long time were attempting to examine whilst the paintings used to be truly written or compiled and by way of whom. In view of the frequent distribution of manu­ scripts of the paintings all over the place Europe, they've got additionally been looking to discover who was once motivated by means of the paintings, and what it represented for its time. Hitherto unknown manuscripts are being grew to become up in private and non-private libraries in every single place Europe and the us.

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2251. l. a. date de sa mort est attestee dans un rfile preserve dans Gemeente-Archief Den Haag, O. l. T. B. , inventaire n. three, fo. 57", d'apres lequel une taxe de trente florins fut payee Ie 30 aout 1725 pour sa sepulture. 87. Sur cette personnalite complexe, cf. C. W. Roldanus, Coenraad van Beuningen, staatman en libertijn, 's-Gravenhage, 1931, en meme temps que M. A. M. Franken, Coenraad van Beuningen's politieke en diplomatieke aktiviteiten in de jaren 1667-1684, Groningen, 1966. Beaucoup de ses ecrits apparaissent dans Ie catalogue de los angeles bibliotheque de Benjamin Furly (voir notice successive).

The be aware in § five, 'Moyse healthy mourir tout d'un coup 24000 hommes pour s'etre opposes ala Loi' (Sloane 2039, fo1. 141; Arsenal 2236, fo1. 337; and so much if now not the entire different manuscripts we've examined), is quite curious. It essentially refers to Ex. 32. 28, the place the massoretic textual content has TV'IN 'IE)'='N l1TV'='TV~, 'about 3 thousand males' (persons ? ), whereas the Vulgate has 'quasi viginti tria millia hominum', it appears a harmonization with I Cor. 10. 7. Now, whereas our writer should were capable of orchestrate his thesis with biblical verses with out training and will have written both 'three thousand' or 'twenty-three thousand', the opposite turns out to were the case the following.

Bibliographie descriptive des versions du «Traite des trois imposteurs », in Tijdschrift van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1974-1975, I, pp. 65-70. 50. Voir R. H. Popkin, «Spinoza and the conversion of the Jews», in C. de Deugd (ed. ), L'EsPRIT DE SPINOSA 17 trouvables» dans nne somme d'essais sur l. a. litterature clandestine du xvme siecle OU Miguel Benitez publiait nne longue liste de copies manuscrites du Trait! qu'il avait localisees 5', et qu'il faut ajouter a celIe que nous a fournie Wade, il y a deja presque un demi-siecle.

I, II, and so forth. ». Quel qu'il soit, il tient que Ie traite et les verites sensibles et evidentes sont des items differentes, puisqu'il a divise chacune d'elles en trois chapitres. ) 23. Oldenburg-LB Cim. 1258, De tribus fomosissimis notionum deceptoribus (voir n. 16), et les copies de meme titre portant los angeles model allegee, Budapest-OSzK Quart. Gall. 22 et Paris-Mazarine Il93. sixty six MIGUEL BENfTEZ Pour donner plus de poids a ce que nous venons de dire des religions, des legislateurs, des politiques, des superstitions et de l. a. folIe credulite du peuple, il nous seroit facile de faire voir par une limitless de temoignages que nos sentiments l. a. dessus sont parfaitement conformes a ceux des meilleurs autheurs tant anciens que modernes qui ont ecrit sur ces matieres.

Kiinrath, 1670. Un livre perdu Mais ce ne furent pas seulement les scrupules de Marchand, de respecter avec pietas et diligence Ie desir de los angeles famille Levier, a empecher de retrouver un exemplaire de cette variation. Apres los angeles large quantity des renseignements laisses par Marchand dans son article du Dictionnaire, il etait difficile de croire a une invention. Meme si durant tout Ie XIX e siecle, on n'en trouva pas hint, si ce n'est dans des notes rapides de catalogues qui 31. Ibidem, p. 324, n. seventy nine· p. UBL, March.

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