George Whitefield: America's Spiritual Founding Father

By Thomas S. Kidd

In the years ahead of the yank Revolution, George Whitefield was once the main well-known guy within the colonies. Thomas Kidd’s attention-grabbing new biography explores the extreme occupation of the main influential determine within the first new release of Anglo-American evangelical Christianity, studying his occasionally troubling stands at the urgent problems with the day, either secular and religious, and his relationships with such well-known contemporaries as Benjamin Franklin, Jonathan Edwards, and John Wesley.
in line with the author’s finished stories of Whitefield’s unique sermons, journals, and letters, this glorious background chronicles the exceptional upward push of the trailblazer of the nice Awakening. Whitefield’s management position one of the new evangelicals of the eighteenth century and his many non secular disputes are meticulously coated, as are his significant legacies and the everlasting marks he left on evangelical Christian religion. it really is arguably the main balanced biography up to now of a arguable non secular chief who, although particularly unknown three hundred years after his beginning, was once a real titanic in his day and is still a major determine in America’s history.

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This bridge had existed in numerous types because the time of Christ, in historical Roman Britain. via the 1730s, the bridge had turn into overcrowded and bulging with such a lot of constructions that it regarded extra like a urban road than a typical bridge. English rulers had regularly put the heads of traitors on pikes at the bridge, the main well-known such head belonging to the Scottish insurgent William Wallace, who was once decapitated, drawn, and quartered in 1305. The Tower of London was once a royal palace and castle at the Thames, courting again to the 11th century and the guideline of William the Conqueror.

33. Ibid. , sixteen; ebook of universal Prayer, eleven. 34. Whitefield, brief Account, sixteen; W. R. Ward, The Protestant Evangelical Awakening (New York, 1992), forty eight; The Works of the Reverend John Wesley, ed. John Emory (New York, 1831), 5:133. 35. Thomas à Kempis, The Christian’s development, or, A Treatise of the Imitation of Jesus Christ (London, 1714), 281. 36. Peter Marshall, “Evangelical Conversion within the Reign of Henry VIII,” in Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie, eds. , The Beginnings of English Protestantism (New York, 2002), 20.

William Shippen to David Vanhorne, June 30, 1747, in Whitefield Papers, Library of Congress. forty-one. Christian heritage (1747), 122–23; John Smith magazine, Feb. 21, 1746, quoted in John Fanning Watson, Annals of Philadelphia (Philadelphia, 1830), 518; John Caldwell, An neutral Trial of the Spirit working during this a part of the area (Williamsburg, Va. , 1747). forty two. Whitefield to H[owell] H[arris], Feb. 28, 1748, and Whitefield to Howell Harris, Mar. 6, 1748, in Christian background (1747), 208, 210; Howell Harris to Whitefield, [June] 1748, in Schlenther and White, Trevecka Letters, 301.

20. Philip Doddridge to Whitefield, Dec. 12 and sixteen, 1738, in Thomas, “Whitefield and Friends,” 66–68. In an April 1736 magazine access, Whitefield famous that he had heard Doddridge used to be praying for the Methodists; see Dallimore, Whitefield, 1:88. 21. Whitefield to Mr. H. , Dec. 30, 1738, in Letters of Whitefield, forty six; Whitefield, magazine, London to Georgia, eight. 22. Whitefield, magazine, London to Georgia, nine; The e-book of universal Prayer (Cambridge, 1701), n. p. 23. T. G. , feedback at the Reverend Mr. Whitefield’s magazine (London, [1738?

A few of these itinerants obtained one of these frightened reaction from critics that Whitefield himself had met with 20 years past; one modern Anglican file defined Virginia as a scene of “madness and enthusiasm”: “The Methodists from the North come down upon us like a torrent. ” (Anglicans often referred to as the recent evangelicals, together with Baptists, by means of the catchall identify “Methodists. ”) Whitefield, getting ready to move his 50th birthday, generated common curiosity and spot within the newspapers, yet now not elicited many fees of enthusiasm.

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